Cindy Weber lives in Cambridge, MA USA and is currently a Sr. Principal with IQVIA Inc., where she uses human science and big data analytics to better understand the dynamics occurring across healthcare. Cindy enjoys the challenge of asking and answering difficult questions by applying a combination of data, analysis, and technology and also enjoys the personal challenge and exploration of running, hiking, traveling, and laughter-filled dinner conversations.
Cindy started her career as a high school teacher, and then held management positions at a few Internet start-up companies before spending 17 years in pharmaceutical and healthcare consulting. Cindy holds a B.A. from Bucknell University; an M.A. University of Delaware; and an M.S. from University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign.
We often talk about the weather and see weather reports on TV, but we don’t see “climate” reports. If we were to get climate reports, they would be extremely boring, since the reports would only change very slowly over many years.
“Weather” is what is happening now and over short periods of time; and we’re very familiar with those reports, which talk about high and low temperatures for the day, the rain, the snow, the wind, the humidity, and other details. In contrast, “climate” is measured over long periods of time, often 30 years or more; and describes the average weather conditions for a region of the earth over that long period of time. Climate for a region is influenced by temperature, rainfall, wind, elevation, closeness to the ocean, the amount of sun and clouds, and other factors; and there are different ways to classify the climates on earth, such as tropical climates (hot and humid), polar climates (cold and ice, longer periods of darkness, and sparse vegetation), and climates in-between the extremes of icy cold and dripping hot, such as mild Mediterranean climates, and dry climates.
What is more interesting, though, is that the earth as a whole has a climate, which is the average weather for the earth over a long period of time. When those earth-averages change more quickly than we expect, then scientists try to analyze what is causing the change, and we can get concerned. That is why the “global warming” of the earth’s climate is a concern; since instead of changing really slowly over time, the earth’s temperature is changing more quickly than we would expect -- According to NASA, the earth’s global temperature has increased 1.8 degrees Fahrenheit since 1880, which is at least 20 times faster than during other periods of “global warming” which have occurred in the past 2 million years of earth’s history.
Earth's climate is changing over time, but it is not as extreme as the climate of other planets. For example, Saturn’s climate is cool – about minus 288 degrees Fahrenheit – and scientists have measured wind speeds of more than 1,000 miles per hour on Saturn; while Venus’s climate is the hottest in our solar system, with an average temperature of 800 degrees Fahrenheit and clouds of sulfuric acid. So, even if you traveled to the coldest or hottest climates on earth, you would survive (shivering or sweating) much longer in jeans and a t-shirt on earth than you would on Saturn or Venus. Which is cool! (Or is it hot?)
Hey, it's climate!"